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About AM

Official Name

Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն in Armenian).

Location

Armenia is a landlocked country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran to the south.

Capital

The capital city of Armenia is Yerevan.

Population

Armenia has a population of approximately 3 million people.

Language

The official language of Armenia is Armenian.

Ethnicity

The majority of the population of Armenia is ethnically Armenian. There are also minority groups such as Yazidis, Russians, and others.

Geography

Armenia is characterized by its mountainous terrain, with the Caucasus Mountains dominating much of the landscape. The country is also home to numerous rivers and lakes, including Lake Sevan, one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world.

Economy

Armenia has a developing economy with a focus on agriculture, mining, and manufacturing. The country also has a growing technology sector, particularly in information technology and software development. Remittances from Armenians living abroad are also an important source of income for the country.

Currency

The currency of Armenia is the Armenian Dram (AMD).

Government

Armenia is a unitary parliamentary republic with a multi-party political system. The President of Armenia is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The country's government is divided into executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

Culture

Armenia has a rich cultural heritage, with a history dating back thousands of years. The country is known for its ancient churches, monasteries, and archaeological sites, including the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Geghard Monastery and the Upper Azat Valley. Armenian cuisine, music, dance, and literature are also important aspects of the country's culture.


The national anthem of Armenia is called "Mer Hayrenik" in Armenian. Here are the lyrics in Armenian and their English translation:


Մեր հայրենիք, մեր հայրենիք,

Մեր ինչպես արարունիք,

Դուք մեր հայրենիք մեզ լույս տուք,

Հայրենական արմատ կարողանանք դարձնել։


Նայի՛ր, հայրենիք, անուշ սեր եւ խորհրդի,

Նայի՛ր անձկերգով, ու խաղաղությունի։

Մեր հայրենիք, մեր հայրենիք,

Եկեղեցի մեր մահապարտությամբ,

Հանդուրժան հայրենիք, մեր հայրենիք,

Սարմելով հայկական ուժերով։



Our Fatherland, our Fatherland,

As thy soul lies in the heavens,

May your spirit, your spirit,

Descend green to our hillsides.


Arise, Armenians! Arise, Armenians!

Pledge to your nation to live,

And with undying faith, with undying faith,

Sacrifice yourselves for your race.


Our Fatherland, our Fatherland,

Firm art thou in thy might,

From the depths of hell,

Lead thy children forth to light.


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