About AR

Official Name

Argentine Republic (República Argentina in Spanish).


Argentina is a country located in the southern part of South America. It is bordered by Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.


The capital city of Argentina is Buenos Aires.


Argentina has a population of approximately 45 million people.


The official language of Argentina is Spanish.

Ethnic Diversity

Argentina is a diverse country with a majority of its population being of European descent, particularly of Italian and Spanish ancestry. There are also significant populations of people of indigenous and mestizo (mixed European and indigenous) descent.


Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area, known for its diverse landscapes including the Andes mountains in the west, the Pampas grasslands in the center, and the Patagonia region in the south. The country is also home to Iguazu Falls, one of the world's largest waterfalls.


Argentina has a mixed economy with a focus on agriculture, industry, and services. It is one of the world's largest producers of beef, soybeans, and wheat. The country also has significant natural resources including minerals such as gold, silver, and lithium.


The currency of Argentina is the Argentine Peso (ARS).


Argentina is a federal presidential republic with a multi-party political system. The President of Argentina is both the head of state and the head of government. The country's government is divided into executive, legislative, and judicial branches.


Argentina has a rich cultural heritage influenced by European, indigenous, and immigrant traditions. Tango, a dance and musical genre, originated in Argentina and remains an important part of the country's cultural identity. Argentina is also known for its literature, including the works of authors such as Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar, as well as its cuisine, which includes dishes such as asado (barbecue) and empanadas.

National Items of Argentina


The gaucho, a skilled horseman and cattle herder of the Argentine Pampas symbolizes the country’s rural traditions, independence, and cultural identity.


Mate is a traditional Argentine drink made from the leaves of the yerba mate plant, typically consumed from a hollow gourd with a metal straw. It represents social bonding, hospitality, and Argentine tradition.


Asado, a social barbecue featuring various grilled meats, is a cornerstone of Argentine cuisine. It symbolizes the country’s culinary heritage and the importance of communal gatherings.


Tango is a passionate and expressive dance and music genre that originated in Buenos Aires. It symbolizes Argentine culture, emotion, and artistic expression.

Obelisk of Buenos Aires

The Obelisk is a national historic monument and icon of Buenos Aires. It symbolizes the city's and country's rich history and cultural significance.


Aconcagua is the highest peak in the Americas, located in the Andes mountain range. It represents the natural beauty and geographical diversity of Argentina.

Argentine Peso

The Argentine peso is the national currency, symbolizing the country's economy and financial system.


Patagonia is a vast region at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile, known for its stunning landscapes and unique wildlife. It symbolizes the country’s natural beauty and adventure tourism.

The national anthem of Argentina is called "Himno Nacional Argentino" in Spanish. Here are the lyrics in Spanish and their English translation:

Oíd, mortales, el grito sagrado:

¡Libertad, libertad, libertad!

Oíd el ruido de rotas cadenas,

ved en trono a la noble igualdad.

Ya su trono dignísimo abrieron

las provincias unidas del Sud,

y los libres del mundo responden:

¡Al gran pueblo argentino, salud!

Y los libres del mundo responden:

¡Al gran pueblo argentino, salud!

Sean eternos los laureles

que supimos conseguir,

coronados de gloria vivamos,

o juremos con gloria morir.

O juremos con gloria morir.

O juremos con gloria morir.

Hear, mortals, the sacred cry:

Freedom, freedom, freedom!

Hear the noise of broken chains,

see noble equality enthroned.

The United Provinces of the South

have already opened their most dignified throne,

and the free people of the world respond:

Hail to the great Argentine people!

And the free people of the world respond:

Hail to the great Argentine people!

May the laurels we've won

be eternal,

crowned with glory, let us live,

or swear to die with glory.

Or swear to die with glory.

Or swear to die with glory.

To get a deeper view of the country please see the Video Guide and Sights of Argentina

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