About BA

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. Here are some basic facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Population: As of 2021, the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is estimated to be around 3.3 million people.

Language: The official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian.

Currency: The official currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Convertible Mark (BAM).

Government: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a federal parliamentary republic system of government, with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government.

Economy: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a transitional economy, with major industries including mining, metal processing, and agriculture. It is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and the Central European Free Trade Agreement.

Geography: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a land area of approximately 51,000 square kilometers and shares borders with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. It has access to the Adriatic Sea through the city of Neum.

Climate: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.

Culture: Bosnia and Herzegovina has a diverse cultural heritage, with influences from Slavic, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian traditions. Traditional Bosnian cuisine includes dishes such as cevapi, a grilled meat dish, and burek, a pastry filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables. The country is known for its music, including traditional folk music and the sevdalinka, a genre of music that originated in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The country is also home to several historic sites, including the old bridge in Mostar, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The national anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina is called "Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine" (The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina). The lyrics were written by Dušan Šestić, and the music was composed by him and Ranko Rihtman. It was adopted as the national anthem in 1999.

Here are the lyrics in Bosnian:

Jedna si jedina,

moja domovina,

u srcu te nosim,

svaki dan sve ti više fali.

Tebi pripadam,

ja, tvoj sin,

Bosno moja,

gdje si rođen ja.

Here is a rough translation in English:

You are the only one,

My homeland,

I carry you in my heart,

Every day I miss you more.

I belong to you,

I, your son,

My Bosnia,

Where I was born.

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