Bulgaria is a country located in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Here are some basic facts about Bulgaria:
Population: As of 2021, the population of Bulgaria is estimated to be around 6.9 million people.
Language: The official language of Bulgaria is Bulgarian, which is a South Slavic language. English, German, and Russian are also widely spoken.
Currency: The official currency of Bulgaria is the Lev (BGN).
Government: Bulgaria is a parliamentary democracy, with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government.
Economy: Bulgaria has a mixed economy, with major industries including energy, mining, manufacturing, and tourism. It is a member of the European Union and the World Trade Organization.
Geography: Bulgaria has a land area of approximately 110,994 square kilometers, with a coastline along the Black Sea. It shares borders with Romania, Serbia, North Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey.
Climate: Bulgaria has a moderate continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers.
Culture: Bulgaria has a rich cultural heritage that reflects its long history and influences from neighboring countries. Traditional Bulgarian cuisine includes dishes such as banitsa, a savory pastry made with cheese and eggs, and kavarma, a stew made with meat and vegetables. Bulgaria is also known for its rose-growing industry, and its traditional folk music and dance. The country has many historic sites, including the ancient city of Plovdiv and the Rila Monastery, which are popular tourist destinations.
The national anthem of Bulgaria is called "Mila Rodino" (Dear Motherland). The lyrics were written by Tsvetan Radoslavov and the music was composed by Tsvetan Todorov. It was adopted as the national anthem in 1964.
Here are the lyrics in Bulgarian:
ти си земен рай,
твойта хубост, твойта прелест,
ах, те нямат край.
Христианска си кръв проляла,
българска си сърца възпламенила,
стара, нова, колкото си голяма,
такава те обичам, мила родино.
Here is a rough translation in English:
You are a paradise on earth,
Your beauty, your charm,
Oh, they have no end.
You shed Christian blood,
You ignited Bulgarian hearts,
Old, new, however great you are,
That's how I love you, dear Motherland.