About EE

Estonia is a small country located in Northern Europe, on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. Here are some basic facts about Estonia:

Population: As of 2021, the population of Estonia is estimated to be around 1.3 million people.

Language: The official language of Estonia is Estonian, which is a Finno-Ugric language closely related to Finnish.

Currency: The official currency of Estonia is the Euro (EUR).

Government: Estonia is a parliamentary republic. The President of Estonia is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Economy: Estonia has a highly developed and diversified economy, with a strong emphasis on technology and innovation. The country is known for its e-government system, and for being a leader in the development of digital technologies.

Geography: Estonia has a relatively small area of approximately 45,000 square kilometers. The country is known for its numerous islands and extensive forests.

Climate: Estonia has a humid continental climate, with cold winters and mild summers. The weather is heavily influenced by the Baltic Sea and the Gulf Stream.

Culture: Estonia has a rich cultural heritage, with a long history that includes contributions to music, literature, and art. The country is known for its choral singing tradition, and for being the home of the composer Arvo Pärt. Estonian cuisine is also unique and includes dishes such as black bread, marinated herring, and blood sausage.

The national anthem of Estonia is called "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" (My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy in English). It was written by Johann Voldemar Jannsen and composed by Fredrik Pacius, the same composer who wrote the melody for the Finnish national anthem. The lyrics were written in 1869 and the song became popular during the Estonian national awakening in the 19th century. It was later adopted as the national anthem of Estonia in 1920, when Estonia gained its independence.

Here are the lyrics of the Estonian national anthem:

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm,

kui kaunis oled sa!

Ei leia mina iial teal

see suure laia ilma peal,

mis mul nii armas oleks ka,

kui sa, mu isamaa!

Sa oled mind ju sünnitand

ja üles kasvatand;

sind tänan mina alati

ja jään sul truuiks surmani.

Mul kõige armsam oled sa,

mu kallis isamaa!

Su üle Jumal valvaku,

mu armas isamaa!

Ta olgu sinu kaitseja

ja võtku rohkest õnnista',

mis iial ette võtad sa,

mu kallis isamaa!

And here is an English translation of the Estonian national anthem:

My fatherland, my happiness and joy,

how beautiful you are!

I could not ever find on earth

a place that would be as dear to me,

as you, my fatherland!

You gave birth to me

and raised me up,

and for that I shall always be grateful,

and remain faithful to you until death.

You are the dearest of all to me,

my precious fatherland!

May God watch over you,

my beloved fatherland!

May He be your protector,

and grant you abundant blessings

in all that you undertake,

my precious fatherland!

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