About EG


Egypt is located in North Africa and the Middle East. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel and the Gaza Strip to the northeast.


The capital city of Egypt is Cairo, which is also the largest city in the country.


Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world and the third-most populous country in Africa, with a population exceeding 100 million people.


The official language of Egypt is Arabic. English and French are also widely spoken, especially in urban areas and among educated individuals.


The majority of the population in Egypt adheres to Islam, predominantly Sunni Islam. There is also a significant Christian minority, primarily belonging to the Coptic Orthodox Church.


Egypt is known for its iconic Nile River, which flows through the country from south to north, providing fertile land for agriculture. The landscape includes the Nile Valley, Nile Delta, deserts (such as the Sahara and Libyan deserts), and the Sinai Peninsula.


Egypt has one of the longest and richest histories of any country, with ancient civilizations dating back to around 3100 BCE. Ancient Egypt was renowned for its pharaohs, pyramids, and monuments such as the Great Sphinx and the temples of Luxor and Karnak. Egypt has been influenced by various civilizations, including Greek, Roman, Islamic, and Ottoman.


Egypt has a mixed economy with sectors such as agriculture, tourism, manufacturing, and services contributing to its GDP. The Suez Canal, a vital waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, is a key source of revenue for Egypt. However, the country faces economic challenges such as high unemployment and poverty rates.


Egypt is a republic with a semi-presidential system of government. The President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The political landscape has been dominated by authoritarian rule for much of its modern history, with periodic political upheavals, including the 2011 revolution that led to the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak.


Egyptian culture is rich and diverse, influenced by its ancient heritage, Islamic traditions, and contemporary trends. Egyptian cuisine, music, art, and literature are renowned worldwide. The country is also famous for its archaeological sites and museums, including the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and the Valley of the Kings in Luxor.

The national anthem of Egypt is called "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady" in Arabic. Here are the lyrics in Arabic and their English translation:

بلادي، بلادي، بلادي

أرضي، أرضي، أرضي

لكِ حبي وفؤادي

وجمال في الحياة

أنتِ كلُّ حياتي

أنتِ كلُّ ما أحبُ

أنتِ كلُّ ما أفدي

يا رمز الكرم والجود

بلادي، بلادي، بلادي

أنتِ العُطر، أنتِ الزهر

أنتِ النور في الظلمة

أنتِ السلام في الحرب

My country, my country, my country,

Land of my ancestors, land of my birth,

I will give my love and my heart to you,

With life’s beauty and joy.

You are my life,

You are all that I love,

You are all that I sacrifice for,

Oh symbol of generosity and benevolence.

My country, my country, my country,

You are the fragrance, you are the flower,

You are the light in the darkness,

You are the peace in times of war.

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