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About IR

Location

Iran, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, Iraq to the west, and Turkey and the Persian Gulf to the northwest and south, respectively.

Capital

The capital city of Iran is Tehran.

Population

As of the latest estimates, Iran has a population of approximately 84 million people, making it the 18th most populous country in the world.

Area

Iran covers a total land area of about 1,648,195 square kilometers (636,372 square miles), making it the 17th largest country in the world by land area.

Official Language

The official language of Iran is Persian, also known as Farsi.

Government

Iran is an Islamic republic with a political system based on a combination of Islamic principles and democratic elements. The Supreme Leader of Iran, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, holds the highest authority in the country, while the President serves as the head of government.

Religion

The predominant religion in Iran is Islam, with the majority of the population adhering to Shia Islam, which is the official state religion. There are also religious minorities, including Sunni Muslims, Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians, and Baha'is.

Economy

Iran has a mixed economy with significant state ownership and intervention in key sectors such as oil and gas, manufacturing, and banking. The country possesses the world's fourth-largest proven petroleum reserves and the second-largest natural gas reserves, which are the backbone of its economy.

Oil Industry

Iran is a major oil-producing country and one of the leading members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Oil exports play a crucial role in the Iranian economy, contributing a significant portion of government revenue.

Culture

Iran has a rich cultural heritage that spans thousands of years, including contributions to literature, art, architecture, music, and philosophy. Persian literature, particularly poetry, is renowned worldwide, with poets such as Rumi, Hafez, and Ferdowsi having a profound influence on Persian culture.

History

Iran has a long and complex history dating back to ancient civilizations such as the Persian Empire. Throughout its history, Iran has experienced periods of great cultural and scientific achievement, as well as conquests and invasions by various empires and powers.

Nuclear Program

Iran's nuclear program has been a subject of international scrutiny and controversy. The country maintains that its nuclear activities are for peaceful purposes, such as energy production and medical research, but it has faced accusations of pursuing nuclear weapons capability.


This anthem reflects themes of unity, faith, and victory, while also expressing gratitude to the Creator. It celebrates the Islamic Republic of Iran and its principles.
The national anthem of Iran is called "سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران" (Sorud-e Melli-e Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān) in Persian, which translates to "National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran" in English. Here are the lyrics in Persian along with an English translation:

سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران

به نام پروردگار بخشنده و مهربان

با افتخار و سرافرازی از توحید ایمانی

و شعار: حیات، از افلاک پیامی

تو پرچم سربلند اسلامی همه جا

پرستشگاه ما و سرور جاودانی

به جای این جاودانی و پیروزی نهایی

از آسمان پیامی وحی درآمد نوازی

زمین را خورشید اسلامی روشن کرد

و ماه را دولت خود، دولت جمهوری اسلامی داد

اگر از سر گیرد این آزرم گرد زمین

به زیر دستهای پاک آسمانی اسلام، زندگان شود

پیروز باشی ای ایران!

و تو را سپاس ای ایزد به بخشندگی و مهربانی

و تو را سپاس ای ایزد به بخشندگی و مهربانی



National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran

In the name of the compassionate and merciful God

With pride and exalted faith in your unity

And the slogan: Life, a message from the skies

Your high-flying banner of Islam everywhere

Our place of worship and eternal lord

Instead of this eternity and final victory

A message of revelation came from the sky

The sun of Islam illuminated the earth

And bestowed upon it its fortune, the Islamic Republic

If this azure neckband should fall from the earth

It shall revive under the heavenly hands of Islam

Be victorious, O Iran!

And to you, O Creator, we give thanks for your grace and kindness

And to you, O Creator, we give thanks for your grace and kindness



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