The Netherlands, also known as Holland, is a country located in northwestern Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the north and west. The country has a population of approximately 17 million people and covers an area of 41,543 square kilometers. The capital and largest city is Amsterdam, although The Hague is the seat of the Dutch government.
The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, and the currency is the euro. The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy, with the king as the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government. The country is known for its liberal social policies, progressive stance on environmental issues, and a strong economy.
The Netherlands is famous for its picturesque windmills, canals, and tulip fields. It is also home to many cultural treasures, including the works of Rembrandt and Vincent van Gogh. The country has a strong tradition of cycling, and many Dutch cities are known for their bike-friendly infrastructure. The Netherlands is a member of the European Union and the United Nations, among other international organizations.
The national anthem of the Netherlands is called the "Wilhelmus", which translates to "William" in English. The anthem is one of the oldest national anthems in the world, with origins dating back to the 16th century.
The lyrics of the Wilhelmus describe the life and struggles of William of Orange, a key figure in Dutch history who led the fight for Dutch independence from Spain. The anthem is written in the form of a hymn, with 15 verses in total, although typically only the first verse is sung.
The first verse of the anthem, in English translation, is:
William of Nassau, scion
Of a Dutch and ancient line,
I dedicate undying
Faith to this land of mine.
A prince am I, undaunted,
Of Orange, ever free,
To the king of Spain I've granted
A lifelong loyalty.
The Wilhelmus is typically played on official occasions such as state visits, royal weddings, and other significant events.