Poland is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia to the north. It has a population of approximately 38.4 million people and covers an area of 312,679 square kilometers. The capital and largest city is Warsaw.
The official language is Polish and the currency is the złoty. Poland is a parliamentary republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.
Poland has a rich history and cultural heritage, with numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the historic center of Kraków, the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, and the medieval town of Toruń. The country is also known for its traditional cuisine, which features dishes like pierogi (dumplings), kielbasa (sausage), and bigos (a meat and cabbage stew).
Poland has a diverse economy, with a mix of industry, agriculture, and services. The country is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the United Nations, and maintains close ties with neighboring countries and with the Polish diaspora around the world.
The national anthem of Poland is called "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego", which translates to "Dąbrowski's Mazurka" in English. The anthem was written in 1797 by Józef Wybicki and originally titled "Pieśń Legionów Polskich we Włoszech" ("Song of the Polish Legions in Italy"). It was first performed publicly in 1800.
The anthem is a patriotic call to arms, celebrating the struggle for independence and the valor of the Polish people. The chorus of the anthem is as follows:
"Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła,
Kiedy my żyjemy.
Co nam obca przemoc wzięła,
Translated into English, the chorus means:
"Poland has not yet perished,
So long as we still live.
What the alien power has taken from us,
We shall retrieve with a sabre."
The anthem is typically played at important state occasions, such as Independence Day and Constitution Day, as well as at the beginning and end of radio and television broadcasts.