About PT

Portugal is a country located in southwestern Europe, bordered by Spain to the north and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. It has a population of approximately 10.3 million people and covers an area of 92,212 square kilometers. The capital and largest city is Lisbon.

The official language is Portuguese and the currency is the euro. Portugal is a parliamentary republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

Portugal is known for its rich history and culture, including its distinctive architecture, music, and cuisine. The country's traditional dishes include seafood, such as grilled sardines and bacalhau (salt cod), as well as regional specialties like cozido (a meat and vegetable stew) and pastéis de nata (a custard tart). Portugal is also famous for its port wine, which is produced in the Douro Valley region.

Portugal has a mixed economy with a focus on services, industry, and agriculture. The country is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the United Nations. Portugal also has a strong relationship with its former colonies, particularly Brazil and several African countries.

The national anthem of Portugal is called "A Portuguesa", which translates to "The Portuguese" in English. The lyrics were written by Henrique Lopes de Mendonça and the music was composed by Alfredo Keil. The anthem was first performed in 1890, and was officially adopted as the national anthem in 1911.

The anthem is a patriotic call to action, urging the Portuguese people to stand up for their country and fight against oppression. The chorus of the anthem is as follows:

"Heróis do mar, nobre povo,
Nação valente, imortal
Levantai hoje de novo
O esplendor de Portugal!"

Translated into English, the chorus means:

"Heroes of the sea, noble people,
Valiant and immortal nation,
Rise up once again today
The splendor of Portugal!"

The anthem is typically played on national holidays and important state occasions, as well as at the beginning and end of radio and television broadcasts.

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