Serbia is a country located in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the east, North Macedonia to the south, Albania to the southwest, Montenegro to the west, and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest. Serbia has a total area of 77,474 square kilometers and a population of approximately 7 million people.
The capital and largest city of Serbia is Belgrade. The official language is Serbian, and the currency is the Serbian dinar.
Serbia is a parliamentary republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country has a developing economy, with a strong focus on agriculture, manufacturing, and services.
Serbia has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from various civilizations throughout history, including the Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and Austro-Hungarians. The country is known for its Orthodox Christian monasteries, medieval fortresses, and traditional folk music and dance. Additionally, Serbia is recognized for its contribution to science and technology, with notable figures such as Nikola Tesla, who was born in the territory of modern-day Croatia but identified as Serbian, having made significant contributions in the fields of electricity and magnetism.
The national anthem of Serbia is called "Bože Pravde," which translates to "God of Justice" in English. The lyrics were written by the Serbian poet Jovan Đorđević in 1872, and the music was composed by Davorin Jenko.
The anthem is typically performed on official state occasions and public events, and it is often played at the beginning and end of radio and television broadcasts. The melody for "Bože Pravde" was inspired by a Serbian folk song called "Tamo Daleko" ("There, Far Away").
The first stanza of the anthem, which is typically sung, goes as follows:
"Bože pravde, ti što spase
od propasti do sad nas,
čuj i od sad naše glase
i od sad nam budi spas!
Moćnom rukom vodi, brani
budućnost srpskih zemalja,
Bože spasi, Bože hrani,
srpske krune, srpske glave,
mnogaja ljeta, mnogaja ljeta
svima nama srećna bila!"
Translated into English, the first stanza means:
"God of justice, you who saved us
from destruction until now,
hear and from now on our voices
and from now on be our salvation!
With your powerful hand guide, defend
the future of Serbian lands,
God, save us, God, nourish,
Serbian crowns, Serbian heads,
many years, many years
may they be happy for us all!"