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About RU


Russia
is a country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering an area of 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia is bordered by Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It has a population of approximately 148 million people, making it the ninth most populous country in the world.

The capital and largest city of Russia is Moscow. The official language is Russian, and the currency is the Russian ruble.

Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country has a mixed economy, with a strong emphasis on natural resources, particularly oil, and gas.

Russia has a rich cultural heritage, with notable contributions to literature, music, dance, theater, and art. The country is home to several world-famous museums and landmarks, including the Hermitage Museum, the Bolshoi Theatre, and St. Basil's Cathedral. Additionally, Russia is recognized for its scientific and technological achievements, including the first satellite, the first human in space, and notable contributions in fields such as mathematics, physics, and computer science.




National Culture Objects


Matryoshka Dolls

Matryoshka dolls, or Russian nesting dolls, are a popular symbol of Russian folk art. These colorful wooden dolls represent family and cultural heritage.

Samovar

A samovar is a traditional Russian tea urn used to boil water for tea. It symbolizes Russian hospitality and social traditions centered around tea drinking.

Balalaika

The balalaika is a traditional Russian stringed musical instrument, often used in folk music. It represents the rich musical traditions of Russia.

St. Basil's Cathedral

Located in Moscow's Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral is an architectural icon known for its colorful, onion-shaped domes. It symbolizes Russia's architectural and historical heritage.

Borscht

Borscht is a traditional Russian beet soup, often served with sour cream. It represents the country's culinary traditions.

Troika

A troika is a traditional Russian sleigh drawn by three horses. It symbolizes Russian winter culture and transportation heritage.

Fabergé Eggs

Fabergé eggs are intricately decorated, jeweled eggs created by the House of Fabergé. They represent the opulence and artistry of Imperial Russia.

The Russian Bear

The Russian bear is a national symbol representing strength and resilience. It is often used in cultural and political contexts to symbolize Russia itself.




The national anthem of Russia is called "Gosudarstvennyy Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii," which translates to "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" in English. The current version of the anthem was adopted in 2000, replacing the Soviet-era anthem.

The lyrics of the anthem were written by Sergey Mikhalkov and the music was composed by Alexander Alexandrov. The anthem is typically played on official state occasions, as well as at the beginning and end of radio and television broadcasts.


I

Россия — священная наша держава,

Россия — любимая наша страна.

Могучая воля, великая слава –

Твоё достоянье на все времена!


Припев:

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,

Братских народов союз вековой,

Предками данная мудрость народная!

Славься, страна! Мы гордимся тобой!


II

От южных морей до полярного края

Раскинулись наши леса и поля.

Одна ты на свете! Одна ты такая –

Хранимая Богом родная земля!


Припев


English translation


III

Широкий простор для мечты и для жизни

Грядущие нам открывают года.

Нам силу даёт наша верность Отчизне.

Так было, так есть и так будет всегда!


I

Russia is our sacred state,

Russia is our beloved country.

A mighty will, great glory –

Your dignity for all time!


Chorus:

Be glorified, our free Fatherland,

The age-old union of fraternal peoples,

Ancestor-given wisdom of the people!

Be glorified, country! We are proud of you!


II

From the southern seas to the polar edge

Our forests and fields are spread out.

You are the only one in the world! You are the only one –

the native land so kept by God!


Chorus


III

A wide scope for dreams and for life

The coming years open to us.

We are given strength by our fidelity to the Fatherland.

So it was, so it is and it will always be so!


To get a deeper view of the country please see the Video Guide and Retro Photos of Russia


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