Russia is a country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering an area of 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia is bordered by Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It has a population of approximately 148 million people, making it the ninth most populous country in the world.
The capital and largest city of Russia is Moscow. The official language is Russian, and the currency is the Russian ruble.
Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country has a mixed economy, with a strong emphasis on natural resources, particularly oil, and gas.
Russia has a rich cultural heritage, with notable contributions to literature, music, dance, theater, and art. The country is home to several world-famous museums and landmarks, including the Hermitage Museum, the Bolshoi Theatre, and St. Basil's Cathedral. Additionally, Russia is recognized for its scientific and technological achievements, including the first satellite, the first human in space, and notable contributions in fields such as mathematics, physics, and computer science.
The national anthem of Russia is called "Gosudarstvennyy Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii," which translates to "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" in English. The current version of the anthem was adopted in 2000, replacing the Soviet-era anthem.
The lyrics of the anthem were written by Sergey Mikhalkov and the music was composed by Alexander Alexandrov. The anthem is typically played on official state occasions, as well as at the beginning and end of radio and television broadcasts.
Россия — священная наша держава,
Россия — любимая наша страна.
Могучая воля, великая слава –
Твоё достоянье на все времена!
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Братских народов союз вековой,
Предками данная мудрость народная!
Славься, страна! Мы гордимся тобой!
От южных морей до полярного края
Раскинулись наши леса и поля.
Одна ты на свете! Одна ты такая –
Хранимая Богом родная земля!
Широкий простор для мечты и для жизни
Грядущие нам открывают года.
Нам силу даёт наша верность Отчизне.
Так было, так есть и так будет всегда!
Russia is our sacred state,
Russia is our beloved country.
A mighty will, great glory –
Your dignity for all time!
Be glorified, our free Fatherland,
The age-old union of fraternal peoples,
Ancestor-given wisdom of the people!
Be glorified, country! We are proud of you!
From the southern seas to the polar edge
Our forests and fields are spread out.
You are the only one in the world! You are the only one –
the native land so kept by God!
A wide scope for dreams and for life
The coming years open to us.
We are given strength by our fidelity to the Fatherland.
So it was, so it is and it will always be so!