About SA


Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East, occupying the majority of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south. The Red Sea lies to the west, and the Persian Gulf to the northeast.


The capital city of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh.


As of the latest estimates, Saudi Arabia has a population of approximately 34 million people.


Saudi Arabia covers an area of about 2.15 million square kilometers (830,000 square miles), making it the largest country in the Middle East and the 13th largest in the world.

Official Language

Arabic is the official language of Saudi Arabia.


Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy ruled by the House of Saud, with the King serving as both the head of state and the head of government. The country follows Sharia law, and the government is based on Islamic principles.


Islam is the state religion of Saudi Arabia, and the majority of the population adheres to Sunni Islam, particularly the Wahhabi sect. The country is home to the two holiest cities in Islam, Mecca and Medina.


The currency of Saudi Arabia is the Saudi Riyal (SAR).


Saudi Arabia has the largest economy in the Middle East and is one of the world's leading oil producers and exporters. The petroleum sector accounts for a significant portion of the country's GDP, government revenue, and export earnings. In recent years, the Saudi government has been working to diversify the economy away from oil dependency through initiatives such as Vision 2030, which aims to promote private sector growth, diversify revenue sources, and develop non-oil sectors such as tourism and entertainment.


Saudi Arabia has modern infrastructure, including extensive road networks, airports, seaports, and telecommunications systems. The country is known for its ambitious infrastructure projects, including the Riyadh Metro, King Abdulaziz International Airport Expansion, and the Red Sea Project.


Saudi Arabian culture is deeply rooted in Islamic traditions and customs. The country's cultural heritage is evident in its architecture, cuisine, clothing, and social customs. Traditional arts, such as calligraphy, poetry, and music, are also important aspects of Saudi culture.


Education is highly valued in Saudi Arabia, and the government has invested heavily in the education sector. The country has a well-established education system, with both religious and secular institutions. In recent years, there has been a focus on improving higher education and research capabilities.

International Relations

Saudi Arabia plays a significant role in regional and global affairs and maintains diplomatic relations with countries around the world. The country is a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations, the Arab League, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

Human Rights

Saudi Arabia has faced criticism for its human rights record, including restrictions on freedom of expression, assembly, and religion, as well as gender inequality and the treatment of migrant workers. The government has taken steps to address some of these issues, but challenges remain.


Saudi Arabia faces security challenges, including regional conflicts, terrorism threats, and tensions with Iran. The country has a well-equipped military and works closely with allies, including the United States, to address security concerns in the region.

This anthem pays homage to the king and expresses loyalty and admiration for his leadership in defending the country.
The national anthem of Saudi Arabia is called "Aash Al Maleek" (عاش المليك), which translates to "Long Live the King" in English. Here are the lyrics in Arabic along with an English translation:

عاش المليك، عاش المليك،

سامي الدرّ سامي الدرّ.

في عزّه وتمكّنه

يحمي أرض العباس.

عاش المليك، عاش المليك

عاش المليك، عاش المليك.

في عزّه وتمكّنه

يحمي أرض العباس.

Long live the King, long live the King,

Noble and revered, noble and revered.

In his might and glory,

He defends the land of Abbas.

Long live the King, long live the King,

Long live the King, long live the King.

In his might and glory,

He defends the land of Abbas.

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