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About SI


Slovenia
is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, and Croatia to the south and southeast. It has a total area of 20,273 square kilometers and a population of approximately 2.1 million people.

The capital and largest city of Slovenia is Ljubljana. The official language is Slovenian, and the currency is the Euro.

Slovenia is a parliamentary democratic republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country has a developed economy, with a strong emphasis on services, manufacturing, and tourism.

Slovenia is known for its natural beauty, with the Julian Alps, the Postojna Cave, and the Lake Bled being some of its most popular tourist destinations. The country is also famous for its wine, with its vineyards producing a wide range of high-quality wines. Additionally, Slovenia is recognized for its contribution to culture and the arts, with notable figures such as the architect Jože Plečnik and the writer Boris Pahor having achieved worldwide recognition.




National Culture Objects


Potica

Potica is a traditional Slovenian pastry, usually filled with nuts, poppy seeds, or tarragon. It symbolizes Slovenia's rich culinary heritage and festive traditions.

Lipizzaner Horses

Lipizzaner horses, known for their grace and strength, are bred at the Lipica Stud Farm in Slovenia. They symbolize the country's equestrian traditions and historical significance in horse breeding.

Kurent Costume

The Kurent costume is worn during the traditional Kurentovanje carnival. It symbolizes Slovenia’s unique cultural heritage and the celebration of pre-Lenten customs.

Triglav

Mount Triglav, the highest peak in Slovenia, is a national symbol and part of the Slovenian coat of arms. It represents the country’s natural beauty and national pride.

Slovenian Beekeeping

Slovenia has a rich beekeeping tradition, particularly known for the Carniolan honey bee. It symbolizes the country's dedication to sustainable agriculture and natural products.

Slovenian Lace

Traditional Slovenian lace-making, especially from the region of Idrija, represents the country's craftsmanship and cultural heritage in textile arts.

Plečnik's Architecture

The works of architect Jože Plečnik, particularly in Ljubljana, symbolize Slovenia’s architectural innovation and cultural identity.

Lake Bled

Lake Bled, with its picturesque island and church, is a famous Slovenian landmark. It symbolizes the country’s scenic beauty and is a popular tourist destination.




The national anthem of Slovenia is called "Zdravljica," which translates to "A Toast" in English. It was written by the Slovenian poet France Prešeren in 1844 and became the official national anthem of Slovenia in 1991 when the country gained independence from Yugoslavia.

The anthem is typically performed on official state occasions and public events, and it is often played at the beginning and end of radio and television broadcasts. The melody for "Zdravljica" was composed by the Slovenian composer Stanko Premrl.

The first stanza of the anthem, which is typically sung, goes as follows:


"O, blagoslovi, kar nam je dal

bog rodovitna, mila zemlja naša!

Bog živi vas Slovenke in Slovenci,

prelepa, desnica, enotna,

živé naj vsi naródi,

ki hrepené dočakat' dan,

da koder sonce hodi,

prepir iz svéta bo pregnan,

da rojak

prost bo vsak,

ne vrag, le sosed bo mejak!"


Translated into English, the first stanza means:


"God's blessing on all nations,

Who long and work for that bright day,

When o'er earth's habitations

No war, no strife shall hold its sway;

Who long to see

That all men free

No more shall foes, but neighbours be."


To get a deeper view of the country, please see the Video Guide and Sights of Slovenia


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