About TH


Thailand is a country located in Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Cambodia to the southeast, and Malaysia to the south. It also shares maritime borders with Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea.


The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok.


As of the latest estimates, Thailand has a population of approximately 69 million people, making it the 20th most populous country in the world.


Thailand covers an area of about 513,120 square kilometers (198,120 square miles), making it the 50th largest country in the world by land area.

Official Language

The official language of Thailand is Thai.


Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The King is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The country's political system has experienced periods of military rule interspersed with civilian governments.


Thailand, also known as Siam, has never been colonized and has a long history of independence. It was known as Siam until 1939 when it was renamed Thailand.


The currency of Thailand is the Thai baht (THB).


Thailand has a diverse and export-oriented economy, with key sectors including manufacturing, agriculture, tourism, and services. The country is a major exporter of goods such as automobiles, electronics, textiles, and agricultural products. Tourism is also a significant contributor to the economy, with millions of visitors arriving each year to explore Thailand's rich cultural heritage, stunning beaches, and vibrant cities.

Natural Features

Thailand is known for its diverse geography, including tropical beaches, lush forests, and mountainous regions. The country is home to several national parks and protected areas, as well as iconic landmarks such as the limestone karsts of Krabi, the temples of Bangkok, and the historic city of Ayutthaya.


Thai culture is influenced by Buddhism, which is practiced by the majority of the population. Thai cuisine, known for its bold flavors and use of fresh ingredients, is renowned worldwide. Traditional Thai arts, including dance, music, and crafts such as silk weaving and pottery, are also important aspects of Thai culture.


Buddhism is the predominant religion in Thailand, with the majority of the population adhering to Theravada Buddhism. The country also has significant Muslim, Christian, and Hindu minority communities.


Thailand has developed infrastructure, including modern transportation networks, telecommunications systems, healthcare facilities, and educational institutions. Bangkok, the capital city, is a major transportation hub with an extensive network of roads, railways, and air routes.

International Relations

Thailand is a member of various international organizations, including the United Nations, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the World Trade Organization (WTO). The country maintains diplomatic relations with countries around the world and plays an active role in regional and international affairs.


Thailand is one of the world's top tourist destinations, attracting millions of visitors each year. Tourists come to experience Thailand's rich cultural heritage, stunning natural landscapes, vibrant cities, and renowned hospitality. Popular tourist destinations include Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Phuket, Pattaya, and the islands of Koh Samui and Koh Phi Phi.

National Items of Thailand

Thai Elephant

The Thai Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is the national animal of Thailand. Known for its strength, intelligence, and significance in Thai history and culture, it symbolizes power, peace, and the royal legacy.

Ratchaphruek (Golden Shower Tree)

The Ratchaphruek (Cassia fistula), also known as the Golden Shower Tree, is the national flower of Thailand. Its bright yellow blossoms symbolize prosperity, unity, and the royal color of the Thai monarchy.

Sala Thai

The Sala Thai, a traditional Thai pavilion, is a significant cultural symbol. It represents Thai architecture, hospitality, and the country's artistic heritage.

Thai Silk

Thai Silk is renowned worldwide for its quality and beauty. It symbolizes the rich artisanal heritage, craftsmanship, and cultural identity of Thailand.


The Garuda, a mythical bird-like creature, is a national emblem of Thailand. It symbolizes the monarchy, power, and authority.

Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (Bangkok)

Bangkok, the capital city of Thailand, often represents the country's modern achievements, cultural diversity, and economic strength.

Muay Thai

Muay Thai, or Thai boxing, is a traditional martial art. It symbolizes physical strength, discipline, cultural heritage, and the global influence of Thai sports.

Wat Arun (Temple of Dawn)

Wat Arun is a famous Buddhist temple in Bangkok. It symbolizes the religious heritage, architectural beauty, and historical significance of Thailand.

Pad Thai

Pad Thai is a popular Thai dish made from stir-fried rice noodles. It represents the rich culinary traditions and the importance of food in Thai culture.


The Lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera) is significant in Thai culture and religion. It symbolizes purity, enlightenment, and rebirth, often associated with Buddhist teachings.

Thai Dance (Khon)

Khon is a traditional Thai dance drama known for its elaborate costumes and storytelling. It symbolizes the artistic heritage, cultural identity, and traditional performing arts of Thailand.

Floating Market

The floating markets of Thailand are iconic, symbolizing the country's rich trade history, traditional commerce, and cultural lifestyle along the waterways.


The Naga, a mythical serpent, is an important symbol in Thai mythology and religion. It represents water, fertility, protection, and the connection between the earthly and spiritual realms.

The national anthem of Thailand is called "Phleng Chat Thai" (เพลงชาติไทย), which translates to "Thai National Anthem" in English. Here are the lyrics in the original Thai language along with an English translation:

เป็นเลิศชาติไทย ทวี มีชัยชโย

ไผทไทยรวมเลิศ เป็นสะดาไนย

ขบถสำรับประเสริฐ ชาติไทย สุขสงบ

สะเลซไพรษา ไพราหกพรหม

เลิศหล้ายมุข เลิศล้ำไย

ทุกข์ลิขิต ไทยอุทรีย์

นี้ไทยมีไว้ ไผทไทยชนะ

Thailand is the unity of Thai blood,

Every inch of Thailand belongs to the Thais.

It has long maintained its sovereignty,

Because the Thais seek,

Their land, their homes

And all will sacrificially give,

For the nation's safety, progress, and prosperity.

To get a deeper view of the country please see the Video Guide of Thailand

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