About TW


Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), is an island located in East Asia. It is situated approximately 180 kilometers (112 miles) off the southeastern coast of mainland China, across the Taiwan Strait.


The capital city of Taiwan is Taipei.


As of the latest estimates, Taiwan has a population of approximately 23.6 million people.


Taiwan covers an area of about 36,193 square kilometers (13,974 square miles).

Official Language

The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese. However, Taiwanese Hokkien, Hakka, and indigenous languages are also spoken by various ethnic groups.


Taiwan is a democratic republic with a multi-party system. The government operates under a semi-presidential system with a President as the head of state and a Premier as the head of government. The Legislative Yuan is the unicameral legislature of Taiwan.


Taiwan is a self-governing democratic island, but its sovereignty is a subject of dispute. The People's Republic of China (PRC) claims Taiwan as its territory, but Taiwan operates with its government, military, and constitution.


Taiwan has a highly developed and export-oriented economy, primarily driven by manufacturing, technology, and trade. It is known for its electronics industry, including semiconductors and computer hardware. Taiwan is one of the Four Asian Tigers, along with South Korea, Hong Kong, and Singapore, known for its rapid industrialization and economic growth.


The currency of Taiwan is the New Taiwan Dollar (TWD).

Natural Features

Taiwan is characterized by mountainous terrain, with more than half of the island covered by forested mountains. It also has a diverse range of ecosystems, including tropical rainforests, subtropical forests, and coastal mangrove forests. Taiwan is prone to earthquakes and typhoons due to its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire.


Taiwanese culture is a blend of indigenous traditions, Chinese influences, and modern developments. It encompasses various art forms, cuisine, festivals, and religious practices. Taiwanese cuisine, including dishes such as beef noodle soup, dumplings, and bubble tea, is renowned internationally.


Taiwan has a well-developed infrastructure, including modern transportation networks, telecommunications, healthcare facilities, and educational institutions. High-speed rail and extensive public transportation systems connect major cities and regions across the island.

International Relations

Taiwan maintains unofficial diplomatic relations with countries around the world, as it is not recognized as a sovereign state by the United Nations and many countries due to pressure from China. However, Taiwan participates in international organizations and maintains extensive trade and cultural ties globally.


Taiwan is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors with its scenic landscapes, cultural attractions, and culinary delights. Tourist highlights include the Taipei 101 skyscraper, Taroko Gorge National Park, Sun Moon Lake, Alishan Mountain, and the historic streets of Jiufen and Tainan.

"San Min Chu-i" was written by Sun Yat-sen, the founding father of the Republic of China (ROC), in 1923. It expresses the principles of nationalism, democracy, and the people's livelihood, which were central to Sun Yat-sen's ideology and the revolution that led to the establishment of the Republic of China.
Here is the full text of Taiwan's national anthem, "San Min Chu-i" (Three Principles of the People), in Mandarin Chinese along with an English translation:


Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves!
With our flesh and blood, let us build a new Great Wall!
As the Chinese nation faces its greatest peril,
All forcefully expend their last cries.
Arise! Arise! Arise!
Millions of hearts with one mind,
Brave the enemy's gunfire, march on!
Brave the enemy's gunfire, march on!
March on! March on! On!

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