About ZA


South Africa is located at the southernmost tip of the African continent. It is bordered by Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe to the north; Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland) to the northeast; and Lesotho, a landlocked country, is surrounded by South Africa.


The capital city of South Africa is Pretoria. However, the largest city and economic hub is Johannesburg. Cape Town serves as the legislative capital and is where the Parliament of South Africa is located.


South Africa has a diverse population of approximately 60 million people, comprising various ethnic groups, including Black Africans, Coloureds (mixed-race), Whites, and Asians.


South Africa covers an area of approximately 1,221,037 square kilometers (471,445 square miles), making it the 25th largest country in the world.

Official Languages

South Africa has 11 official languages, namely, isiZulu, isiXhosa, Afrikaans, English, Sesotho sa Leboa (Northern Sotho), Sesotho (Southern Sotho), Setswana, siSwati (Swati), Tshivenda, Xitsonga (Tsonga), and isiNdebele.


South Africa is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The President is both the head of state and government. The country has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly (lower house) and the National Council of Provinces (upper house).


South Africa gained independence from British colonial rule on May 31, 1910. However, the apartheid system, a policy of racial segregation and discrimination, was implemented from 1948 until the early 1990s. South Africa's first democratic elections were held in 1994, marking the end of apartheid.


The currency of South Africa is the South African Rand (ZAR).


South Africa has a mixed economy with well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors. It is one of the wealthiest countries in Africa, with a diverse economy that includes mining (gold, platinum, coal), agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism.

Natural Resources

South Africa is rich in natural resources, including minerals such as gold, diamonds, platinum, coal, and iron ore. It also has fertile agricultural land and a diverse range of flora and fauna, including the famous "Big Five" (lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, rhinoceros) found in its numerous national parks and game reserves.


South Africa is known for its rich cultural diversity, influenced by its various ethnic groups, languages, and traditions. It has a vibrant arts and music scene, with contributions from different communities, including indigenous, Afrikaans, and English-speaking South Africans.


South Africa is a popular tourist destination known for its stunning landscapes, wildlife, beaches, and vibrant cities. Tourist attractions include the Kruger National Park, Table Mountain, Robben Island, the Cape Winelands, and the Garden Route, among others.


South Africa faces various challenges, including high levels of inequality, unemployment, poverty, crime, and HIV/AIDS. Efforts to address these challenges are ongoing, focusing on economic empowerment, social development, and healthcare.


South Africa has well-developed infrastructure, including road networks, ports, airports, telecommunications, and energy generation. However, there are disparities in access to infrastructure between urban and rural areas, which the government is working to address through investment and development initiatives.


South Africa is passionate about sports, particularly rugby, cricket, and football (soccer). The country has hosted major international sporting events, including the Rugby World Cup in 1995 and the FIFA World Cup in 2010, which showcased its ability to host large-scale events and promote tourism.

An example of a hymn in isiZulu, one of the indigenous languages spoken in South Africa, along with its English translation:

1. Sihamba ngokukholwa

   emhlabeni lowo

   ngokukholwa sihamba

   ebaleni nje.

   Ngoba kulento bethu

   ukuthi sihlale lapha

   kulento yethu

   ukuthi sihamba nje.


2. Thina sihamba, sihamba

   ngokukholwa kweNkosi

   UJesu wamhlope

   uyaphambana nathi.

   Thina sihamba, sihamba

   ngokukholwa kweNkosi

   UJesu wamhlope

   uyaphambana nathi.

1. We walk by faith

   in this world below

   By faith we journey

   along this path.

   For our condition

   is to remain here

   our situation

   is simply to journey.


2. We walk, we walk

   by the faith in the Lord

   Jesus our leader

   walks with us.

   We walk, we walk

   by the faith in the Lord

   Jesus our leader

   walks with us.

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